quinta-feira, Abril 19, 2007

Tardes de Matemática em Lisboa

Em Lisboa, a 21 de Abril, "Apaga Fogos com Números".

sexta-feira, Abril 06, 2007

O estranho caso da estrela que morreu duas vezes

Notícia da New Scientist.

terça-feira, Março 06, 2007

Senhor Higgs, é mesmo o senhor?

Fermilab data hint at Higgs boson
6 March 2007

Physicists working at the HyperCP experiment at Fermilab in the US claim they may have glimpsed the first Higgs boson -- the particle many think is responsible for all mass in the universe. However, for their claim to be correct our current 30-year-old Standard Model of particle physics would have to be set aside in favour of an alternative "supersymmetric" model (Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 081802).

The great triumph of the Standard Model is that it unites two of the fundamental forces – the weak and electromagnetic force – into a single, symmetric "electroweak" force at high energies. But at low energies, a symmetric electroweak theory would imply that particles have no mass, which is clearly wrong.
How many Higgs?

This is where the Higgs boson comes in – a particle that can break the electroweak symmetry at low energies. If our current Standard Model is correct, the much-sought Higgs would have a mass somewhere in the 100 GeV to 1 TeV region, which should allow physicists to discover it at the 14 TeV Large Hadron Collider at CERN once it starts up in November.

However, physicists analyzing data taken by the HyperCP experiment at Fermilab in January last year say the US lab might have got there first – that is, if we are prepared to consider an "extension" to the Standard Model. That experiment, which involved firing a proton beam at a fixed target, appeared to show three "events" in which a sigma-plus particle decays into a proton and a muon-antimuon pair. Although just three events would not normally be regarded as significant, German Valencia from Iowa State University in the US and colleagues suggest that the events could be interpreted as evidence for a new particle with mass 214.3 MeV, which they have dubbed the "HyperCP particle".

Because it is relatively light and has a low interaction probability, the HyperCP particle does not fit into the current Standard Model. However, it could be explained using the "next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model" (NMSSM). This model is one of several "supersymmetric" models that attempt to explain why the fundamental forces have such different strengths by proposing twice or more the number of particles. In the NMSSM there are seven Higgs bosons – Valencia's team thinks the HyperCP particle may be the lightest of these.

Although much more evidence than the three events at HyperCP will be needed to lure physicists towards the NMSSM, Valencia is excited by the thought of physics beyond the current Standard Model. "The probability of this being a fluctuation is about half a percent, about the same as the probability of getting a string of eight heads in a row when flipping a coin," he told Physics Web.

This is not the first time physicists have laid claim to a Higgs as part of an alternative supersymmetric theory. Earlier this year, John Conway and Tommaso Dorigo suggested that a 160-GeV "bump" in Fermilab data could have been one of five Higgs bosons in the more favoured "minimal supersymmetric standard model" (MSSM).

About the author
Jon Cartwright is a reporter for Physics Web

quinta-feira, Dezembro 21, 2006

A morte é negra para algumas estrelas massivas

Notícia da PhysicsWeb.

sábado, Novembro 18, 2006

Admirável mundo novo

Brain cancer vaccine made from patients' tumours


Fleeting particle has shades of Higgs

sexta-feira, Novembro 17, 2006

Mais notícias

A evolução que pode ser verificada e controlada

Matéria escura actuando em remotas supernovas

quarta-feira, Novembro 08, 2006


'Big bang gas' in cosmic particle-accelerator shock
Giant shockwaves around a distant galaxy cluster could produce some of the mysterious cosmic rays that strike Earth, new observations suggest
(New Scientist)

World-class radio telescopes face closure
The US National Science Foundation should shut down the Arecibo Observatory and the Very Long Baseline Array unless they can find other sources of funding, suggests an advisory panel
(New Scientist)

Só para valentes!

Anúncio da Delta Cafés: "Quatro chávenas de café por dia aumentam a capacidade de concentração e a rapidez de raciocínio".

Parece pouco? Então e se forem "750 a 1500 garrafas de vinho por dia" para prolongar a vida?

domingo, Novembro 05, 2006

Richard Dawkins questiona pastor evangélico

quarta-feira, Novembro 01, 2006

Admirável mundo novo

Cientistas dizem ter criado o primeiro fígado humano com células estaminais - Público.

segunda-feira, Outubro 30, 2006


"El sueño de la razón produce monstruos"
(Francisco de Goya)


Ou como o Google é nosso amigo.

sábado, Outubro 28, 2006

Células estaminais embrionárias

As razões de Michael J. Fox.

Escultura cinética em Lisboa


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